It is a good idea to inform parents through a letter or the school newsletter that you are planning to do an oral history project and hope to involve them in this.
1. What is oral history?
Introduce topic - What is oral history? "Oral history is spoken history, it is the recording of people's memories." Pupils complete worksheet 1 by making lists of what is written down and spoken about in their family.
Collect and collate results from class. These could be displayed in graphic form as a bar chart, pictogram or pie chart. Pupils could use the computer to do this with a graphing programme such as RM Windows Starting Graph.
2. Childhood stories.
History is about everyone - everyone has their
own personal history, and their memories and experiences are a part
of the history of the
time in which they live.
3. Family Tree.
Explain what a family tree is. Pupils can use worksheet 3 for homework to complete their family tree. Some pupils may want to extend this to include other family members, such as siblings, aunts, uncles and cousins.
4. Family Interviews.
Use family trees as basis of discussion to chose
a family member, friend or neighbour to interview. What do you know about
them? What would
you like to know?
Pupils make a list of questions,
and discuss in pairs, then fours, and produce a list of 10 questions,
in the order in which they will ask them.
5. Looking at an example of an Oral History Project
Use the link to the Tredworth Junior school website as a study of an example for an oral history project. This website records work by a Y6 class as part of the Channel 4 Black History Map 2000. www.csad.ox.ac.uk/Tredworth/Tredworth.html
Click on 'Visit our Black History map project' and discuss these questions with the class.
Go to the page of interviews. Pupils read the six interviews, and watch the video extracts of Mrs Celeste Baddon, Mr A.J. Goddard, Mr George Brown, Mrs Milna Rose Hancock, Mrs Dora Davies and Mrs Dolores Rhoule.
Pupils record their findings and thoughts on the interviews by completing worksheet 6
6. Preparing to interview
Elicit children's views on the website interviews. Make a class list of questions to ask interviewees. Or use or adapt the list in worksheet 7. Invite children's family members and/or members of the community in to be interviewed, or arrange to visit elders at a community centre or accommodation.
Pupils can be accompanied out to do interview in small groups, and/or whole class can interview in school. Allocate questions to be asked to pupils. Record interviews on tape or video.
8. Listening to Interviews
9. Displaying results
Children's work could be displayed as a wall display,
book or website.
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